migration Article

Rural-Urban Immigration in Bangladesh: A

Micro-Level Study*

Meters. Z. Hossain

Associate Mentor, Department of Statistics, Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Sylhet-3114, Bangladesh


A study of migration is of key importance in interpersonal science, particularly in population studies. The importance emerges not only from the activity of people between places but also from the influence around the lives of individuals and urban growth. Extensively migration is known as a relocation of residence of varied duration and various characteristics. But , generally, ruralurban dominates the website of exploration and preparing as its part in changing the lives of migrant families both equally at the place of origin and destination. Urbanisation has been among the dramatic global social transformations of the twentieth century. The accelerating charge of urbanisation is substantial among the least developed countries of Asia. For the period 1970 to 1990, the standard annual expansion rate of urban inhabitants was 6. 5 percent for Bangladesh, 3. 4 per cent to get India and 4. a couple of per cent pertaining to both Pakistan and Sri Lanka (Hugo, 1992). However , the urban growth rate can be dominated largely by rural-urban migration and it leads to between three-fifths to two-thirds of this expansion (UN, 1993). Though the occurrence of rural-urban migration in different developing region is higher, a distinct selectivity with respect to age, sex, peuple, marital position, education, occupation etc ., arises and the propensity of migration differs considerably among these types of socio-economic organizations (Lee, 1966; Sekhar, 93; Yadava, 1988). Long rural development initiatives neither can reverse the trend in rural-urban migration nor could that minimise uneven economic options such as off-farm employment and earning (Robert and Smith, 1977).

Migration differentials include significant position in determining the nature and strength with the socio-economic and demographic influences of the population concerned. Various researchers possess tried to establish some consistently applicable immigration patterns for a lot of countries at all times. However , simply migration by simply age continues to be found to get more or perhaps *

Intended for presentation in a Poster Program on INSIDE MIGRATION in the Brazil IUSSP Conference during August 20-24, 2001


less related for developed as well as expanding countries. It truly is established that adult males are more inclined to migrate than other people of the community (Rogaia, 1997; Singh and Yadava, 1981a). Generally, the differentials in migration (selectivity of certain person or perhaps group to become more mobile than others) have been researched mainly by simply age, sex, marital status, education and occupation. Several studies reported that determinants of migration vary from nation to country and even within a country, it varies with regards to the socio-economic, demographic and social factors. Excessive unemployment rate, low cash flow, high human population growth, unequal distribution of land, with regard to higher training, prior migration patterns and dissatisfaction with housing have already been identified as a few of the prominent determinants of countryside out-migration (Bilsborrow et al., 1987; Kadioglu, 1994; Nabi, 1992; Sekhar, 1993; Yadava, 1988). The actual potential of migration is usually affected by a mix of push-pull elements. People migrated to urban centers and towns because they are drawn by livelihood opportunities. Studies on migration have established a good association among levels of infrastructural development of a region and the degree of out-migration (CUS, 1990). Regardless of skill, the moved population will find diversified sustenance opportunities with assorted incomes inside the towns and cities. As a result, the poor countryside population views migration a livelihood coping strategy. On the other hand, a considerable number of the population migrates to urban areas via villages to get higher/better education, employment and investment opportunities. These happy migrants from time to time create job opportunities in cities for the...

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