Labelling is definitely defining or describing a person when it comes to his or her behaviour or a particular aspect of that individual. Labels can be affirming and motivating. However , labels may be negative too, creating prejudice and splitting up between individuals or groups. For Howard Becker, a 1960's sociologist, the meaning and the impact for an individual or a group, of obtaining a label applied, should be considered. People who have mental challenges are more likely to be discriminated and labels are likely to stick. Connor A, MacLennan E (2009), HNC in Social Care Student Publication, Heinemann http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/labelling_theory.htm
Institutionalisation is used to relate to the technique of committing a specific individual to a institution, for example a mental organization. To this magnitude, institutionalisation may well carry negative connotations about the treatment of, and damage triggered to, weak individuals by the oppressive putting on inflexible devices of cultural, medical, or legal regulates by organisations. Individuals become dependent upon the routines of your institution, resulting in such features as apathy and lack of initiative, level of privacy and choice. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Institution
Connor A, MacLennan E (2009), HNC in Social Attention Student Publication, Heinemann
THE CAUSES OF DISCRIMINATION APPLYING FUNCTIONALIST POINT OF VIEW Discrimination is exactly what happens when an individual or group are remedied unfairly or perhaps differently via others because of prejudice. Functionalists believe that splendour is the consequence of the need to kind people into higher and lower. Functionalists see inequalities among groupings as necessary since they believe that societies function most proficiently when splendour is based on advantage, rather than external inequalities.