THE ASSOCIATION OF TEENAGE SMOKING WITH STRESS AND COPING IN PRETORIA HIGH SCHOOLS: A QUALITATIVE EXAMINE
Oscar Reno O'Hara
A research report published to the Faculty of Overall health Sciences, School of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Public Health (Health Policy and Management). Johannesburg, 2008. В В В В В В В В В В В В ВВ В В
STATEMENT I file that this exploration report can be my own unaided work. It can be being submitted for the degree of Master of Public Health on the University in the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg. It has not really been submitted for any various other degree in Wits, neither at any other university, prior to. I have certainly not fabricated info or falsified results with no portions or elements of another person's work have already been taken as my. Credits effectively reflect the individuals, organizations and/or organizations concerned.
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To all the children and the kids of the universeвЂ¦preserve and commemorate your all-natural gift of youthfulness, durability and health. As the periods unfold in your life's quest, remember that the earth is expecting you to provide fourth all that you happen to be, in the way that just you can. You hold the key to your own destiny and you simply hold a promise for the healthier era and planet- a better foreseeable future for yourself as well as your own kids.
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ABSTRACT Teenagers substance use is associated with several pressing complications on the public well-being agenda, which include an increased likelihood of contracting sexually transmitted illnesses, teenage pregnancy, violence-related injuries, depression, homicide, sexual assault, and accidental death. Teenage substance use remains high in South Africa, which has a prevalence of smoking and alcohol binge-drinking estimated in 18. five per cent and 23% respectively. A previous quantitative cross-sectional analysis of data from research cohort from which this study's sample was drawn, shown an association between adolescents' feeling of accordance (SOC) вЂ“ a measure of coping capacity вЂ“ and smoking. The present study, utilizing a qualitative procedure, thus searched for to gain more insight into young substance make use of, particularly smoking, and to better understand how it may relate to dealing. A combined method sampling strategy was used in picking 22 research participants between your ages of 16 and 19 in two high schools in Pretoria. We were holding then interviewed individually by an interviewer blinded to their SOC level and substance use position as documented in the quantitative survey through which this research builds about. The interviews were transcribed in full and a content analysis strategy was used in the analysis from the data. The results received were after that merged with participants' compound use position and SOC levels. Of the 22 participants, 6 had strong SOC and had by no means used substances; 8 had weak SOC and were current material users. The other eight also acquired weak SOC but were not current substance users. Further analysis from the results demonstrated that adolescents' substance use is associated with anxiety and dealing as they (substance users) reported using substances in looking to manage nerve-racking life events. Of the 8 current substance users, 7 reported avoidance-oriented (disengagement) coping styles. Five of the 7 reported insert imbalance such as academic and social challenges and relax (e. g. schoolwork overburden, peer needs, and family members problems) as being a reason for applying substances. The non-substance using adolescents with weak SOC reported good social support, specifically family and peer support in handling life stressors. Hence, chemicals were more likely to make up for affected coping where contextuallevel risk factors (demands/stressors) exceeded coping resources including social support. As well, of the 8 substance users- in addition to fret related causes of using substances4 reported discomfort seeking,...