A Manual for Authors
of Term Papers, Theses,
Chicago, il Guides
to & u+, Edtttn~
About Writing, Croping and editing, and Submitting
Getting into Print
Walter W. Powell
Producing for Interpersonal Scientists
Howard S. Becker
Chicago Guideline for Planning
Prepared by employees of the
School of Chicago Press
Reports of the Discipline
John Van Maanen
A Handbook of
Frances T. Zweifel
The Craft of Translation
Steve Biguenet and
Rainer Schulte, editors
Kate D. Turabian
Paul M. Williams
Nancy C. Mulvany
David Grossman and Alice Bennett
Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes
Robert M. Emerson, Rachel My spouse and i.
Fretz, and Linda M. Shaw
Glossary of Typesetting Terms
Richard Eckersley, Richard
Angstadt, Charles M. Ellerston,
Richard Hendel, Naomi M.
Pascal, and Anita Master Scott
The Craft of Research
Wayne C. Sales space, Gregory G.
Colomb, and Joseph Meters. Williams
The University of Chicago Press
Chicago and London
Kate L. Turabian (1893-1987) was texte secretary with the University of Chicago by 1930 to 1958. John Grossman well prepared and Alice Bennett copyedited the fourteenth edition with the Chicugo Munuul of Style. Portions of this publication have been designed from The Chicago, il Munuul of Style, 14th copy, 0 1969, 1982, 1993 by The College or university of Chi town, and by A Munuulfor Writers of Term Pupers, Theses, daruber hinaus Dissertations by simply Kate D. Turabian, revised and widened for the fifth copy by Bonnie Birtwistle Honigsblum.
The College or university of Chicago Press, Chicago 60637
The University of Chicago Press, Ltd., London
0 1937, 1955, 1967, 1973, 1987, 1996 by The University of Chicago Every rights set aside
Sixth model, published mil novecentos e noventa e seis
Printed in the usa of America
04 03 02
01 00 99 98 ninety-seven 96 We 2 several 4 5 6 six 8 being unfaithful 10
ISBN: O-226-81626-5 (cloth)
Parts of the Daily news
Short-hand and Quantities
Punctuational and Punctuation
Increased, Italics, and Quotation Signifies
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Turabian, Kate M.
A manual for copy writers of term papers, these, and composition / Kate L. Turabian. -6th male impotence. / rev. by Ruben Grossman and Alice Bennett. p. centimeter. -(Chicago courses to writing, editing, and publishing)
Includes bibliographical references and index.
1 . Dissertations, Academic. installment payments on your Report publishing. 1 . Grossman, John, 1924- II. Bennett, Alice, 1938% III. Name. IV. Series.
LB2369. T8 1996
@The paper found in this distribution meets the minimum requirements of the American National Normal for Information Sciences-Permanence of Newspaper for Published Library Materials, ANSI 239. 48-1984.
Parenthetical References and Reference Lists
Comparing the 2 Documentation Devices
Planning the Manuscript
Formats and Test Layouts
Kate M. Turabian designed this manual as a guide to suitable design for delivering formal papers-term papers, these, dissertations-in the humanities, cultural sciences, and natural savoir. Over the course of sixty years the book has become established as one of the basic reference works intended for undergraduate and graduate college students in many disciplines. This sixth edition has been prompted by publication with the fourteenth copy of The Chicago, il Manual of Style and by fresh guidelines in dissertations from your Office of Academic Publications on the University of Chicago. The University of Chicago Press receives many inquiries about Kate Turabian and the good her manual. A reviewer for Quill and Slide...
Citations: Authorities, II, Economical and Economical, 1933,
2. Spec. 1 )
Experts. II. Economic and Financial. 1933.
Economic Advancement in Underdeveloped
Countries, 51, II. W. 2 .
Economic Affairs. 1951. Methods of
funding economic creation in