History Revision Notes:
That which was the treaty of Versailles?
The Treaty of Versailles was the peacefulness settlement fixed after Globe War One particular had ended in 1918
That which was the Little league of Nations?
Worldwide organisation made to stop wars in future.
The Paris peace conference was:
On 1919 Peace Meeting was held in Paris to talk about the post-war world. Commanders of 32 states joined. However , transactions were focused by the five major forces: the United States, The united kingdom, France, Italy and Asia.
The big three leaders;
David Lloyd George GREAT BRITAIN
Woodrow Wilson USA
Georges Clemenceau ENGLAND
Main terms of treaty:
Sense of guilt – Germans had to acknowledge guilt to get starting war.
Armed forces – army limited to 100, 000 men, six battleships, no subs and no planes Reparations - £6. 6 billion dollars was to be paid by Germany to Britain and France. A language like german land -- a lot of land used such as Alsace Lorraine that has been given to Italy League of countries – Worldwide organisation built to stop wars in future.
Some of Wilsons 14 points had been:
•Freedom from the seas
•Belgium to have self-reliance
•To end secret treaties
What they want coming from treaty, their particular aims?
David Lloyd George –
Wanted to make Philippines pay as he knew which the British persons wanted to listen to so Area for Britain's empire
To guard British nautico supremacy
Proper rights not payback, compromise among Wilson and Clemenceau Woodrow Wilson –
End almost all wars by league of nations
To ensure Germany was not demolished
Not to fault Germany, this individual hated sense of guilt clause
Released 14 points on what he wanted
Georges Clemenceau –
Obtain revenge (as France was invaded twice) and discipline Germany Not any league of countries
Wanted to weaken Germany so they may never attack again
Wished huge reparations
Very furious due too;
lost 10% land
Lost land like Alsace-Lorraine which were important as they earned money from your coal souterrain. 12% German population consist of country's
Forced to pay a whole lot of reparations to France which will weaken them. Thought it was unjust that they had been blamed pertaining to the warfare.
Army was restricted to 100, 000 males, 6 battleships, no subs and no planes So thought if we were holding invaded chances are they wouldn't manage to protect themselves.
A diktat is…
Were they happy?
Clemenceau wanted more vengeance on Australia and therefore desired a harsher treaty. Pat got his league of nations but was annoyed at the fact that some countries lost their particular national self-determination, plus he didn't receive all of his fourteen points. Davis Lloyd George was fairly happy - The uk gained groupe and Australia lost their battle ships and bomber command, so that they couldn't occupy Britain. However the British people still wanted more payback, on Philippines, So overall I do not think any of them were completely satisfied. Strengths of the Treaty of Versailles?
Gave freedom to Belgium and Hungary
Land was regained and returned back to France
Disarmament to prevent upcoming wars
Disadvantages of the Treaty of Versailles?
The treaty was tough on Philippines which result in the go up of Hitler as Philippines was in a lot debt people voted him as he assured to help The countries which will signed this were unable/unwilling to put in force it Humiliation of Philippines
Aims of league:
To keep world peacefulness
To encourage countries to co-operate to develop and trade
To talk about topics and matters
Powerful members of league:
Countries that were not allowed to become a member of treaty: (bad or great? ) Australia – banned
US – refused
Ussr (Russia) – not invited
EXTREMELY bad since without these forces, the Group was also weak to produce a big nation do as it wished
Just how was little league organised?
The assembly was … Each member achieved once a year to discuss general issues. The council was … 4 associates; Britain, Portugal, Italy and Japan whom solved disputes. The everlasting court of justice was… 15 idol judges who managed disputes Sanctions that the little league...